State (South Carolina; 80,582 km 2 with 4,407,709 inhabitants in 2007; density of 55 inhabitants per km 2) of the USA. It borders North Carolina to the N, Georgia to the south and west and borders the Atlantic to the east Capital city Columbia. It includes to the northwest the last slopes of the Appalachian system (Monte Sassafras, 1093 m), followed, towards the E, by the hilly territory of Piedmont, which the line of waterfalls (Fall Line) separates from the wide coastal plain. The climate has subtropical characteristics on the coast and continental in the interior, with frequent rainfall. Agriculture flourishes (production of cereals, fruit and vegetables and fodder, but above all cotton and tobacco). Cotton, chemical, food, mechanical, woodworking, tobacco and building materials industries. The main centers, besides the capital, are Charleston (the busiest port) and Greenville. The state university, founded in 1801, is based in Columbia.
According to abbreviationfinder, South Carolina was part of an English colony subsequently divided (1729) into two parts, corresponding to the two current states (South Carolina and North Carolina). The region was characterized by large plantations worked by slaves, while North Carolina, made up of small farms, had fewer slaves and democratic aspirations. He joined the Union in 1781. In 1828 he opposed national duties which represented an industrial interest and was at the head of the slave movement. In 1861 it was the first state to declare secession. She was readmitted to the Union in 1868.
According to countryaah, South Carolina has the following main cities:
Capital of the state of South Carolina, capital of Richland County, at 34 ° of lat. N. and at 81 ° 3 ‘long. O., is located at 71 meters above sea level, at the confluence of the Saluda and Broad rivers (Santee River). The average annual temperature is 17.8 °; the winter one of 8 °, 3 and the summer one of 26 °, 7. The coldest month is January, with 7 °, 2; the hottest in July, with 27 °, 2. The average annual rainfall is 1200 mm. approximately, distributed in each month of the year with a prevalence of the summer months. In 1850 Columbia had only 6060 inhabitants, which rose to 21,108 in 1900, to 26,319 in 1910 and to 37,524 in 1920, of which 61.5% White and 38.5% Negroes. A 1928 calculation gave a population of over 50,000 inhab.
Columbia is a notable industrial and study center. It is home to the University of South Carolina, opened in 1805, with a rich library of over 80,000 volumes, with various faculties (of commerce, engineering, law, etc.). It also owns many other middle and higher culture institutes. The city is an important railway hub ( Southern Railway System , Atlantic Coast Line , etc.), in direct communication with all the major centers of its hinterland . It is also served by the navigable river, and is located on the Columbia Canal, which supplies it with abundant electricity.
US city (204,718 in 2008), South Carolina, 136 km northeast of Savannah. Located on the Atlantic coast, at the estuary of the Cooper and Ashley rivers, it became the most important cultural and commercial center in the south region. Philadelphia.
Founded in the 17th century, in the war of independence it supported the English attacks (1776; 1779). From 1780 to 1782 it became the main English base for military operations in the Carolines. The conquest of Fort Sumter in C. (1861) by the Southerners marked the beginning of the Civil War.
A dance similar to ragtime takes its name from the city and spread around 1920-30.
Must-see museums in Charleston
If you want to learn more about the turbulent past of the city, its plantations and the role of slaves and the slave trade in the history of Charleston, you should definitely pay a visit to one or the other museum on this topic. But the city also has other museums worth seeing.
- Charleston Museum: The museum was founded in 1773 and is commonly known as the America’s First Museum. Here you will find important collections of ethnological and zoological exhibits.
- Denmark Vesey House: Denmark Vesey was once a slave in Charleston until he won the lottery and was able to buy a house that was just as magnificent as his masters at the time. He lived there until planning an uprising in 1822. Today the historic building is a museum that offers an interesting glimpse into American history and the history of the slave trade in Charleston.
- Edmondston-Alston House: Another Charleston residential home worth a visit is Edmondston-Alston House, built in 1825, which has great views of the city’s harbor. The house with its extensive collection played a major role in the civil war. Because from there General PT Beauregard observed the bombing of Fort Sumter by the Confederates on April 12, 1861. Guided tours are offered from Tuesday to Saturday from 10 a.m. to 4.30 p.m. and Sunday and Monday from 1 p.m. to 4.30 p.m.
- Old Slave Mart Museum: In the Old Slave Mart, during the times of the slave trade, the slaves were auctioned off to the wealthy citizens who were often looking for workers for their cotton and rice plantations. Today the house is the first African American museum. The employees are often people who descended from the former Charleston slaves.
- Middleton Place House Museum: Middleton Place is another property that can be visited today. The museum provides information about the Middleton family who made their fortune from their rice plantations. Construction of the house began in the late 1830s.
- American Military Museum: The collection of the American Military Museum consists of hundreds of authentic uniforms, pieces of equipment, artifacts and weapons from military conflicts from the time of the Revolutionary War to the current conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq.
- Patriots Point Naval & Maritime Museum: The Naval and Maritime Museum is located on Patriots Point Road by the city harbor. The aircraft carrier USS YORKTOWN from the Second World War forms its centerpiece.
- Gibbes Museum of Art: The art museum opened in 1905 and houses a first-class collection with a focus on works by American artists related to Charleston or the southern United States.
- Karpeles Manuscript Library Museum: This is one of the twelve museums of the married couple David and Marsha Karpeles, which owns many valuable manuscripts, which are exhibited in turn in these museums. The Charleston Museum with its valuable manuscripts is housed in a former church. And if you’re even more interested in historical material, check out the Charleston Library Society. The Society’s library is one of the few remaining private libraries in the city.