The best ways to treat baldness and disguise the hair loss are the intake of medicines, the application of creams or the use of wigs, for example. In addition, in some cases, you may also choose to do a hair transplant, especially when the other treatments do not produce the desired effects.
However, the treatment of baldness is not usually necessary, because in most cases, hair loss is a natural process that arises due to ageing or that develops due to a health problem, such as changes of the thyroid, infections or diabetes, for example.
1. Take remedies for baldness
The main remedy used for baldness is Finasteride, a pill that must be swallowed every day, and that prevents the formation of a hormone known as DHT, which hinders the growth of hair. Thus, it is expected that the hair will re-grow after 3 to 6 months after the start of treatment. However, this remedy is only indicated for the treatment of male-pattern baldness, and in the case of female pattern baldness are often indicated creams for baldness.
In addition, when the pattern baldness and is caused by problems that affect the immune system the dermatologist can also indicate the use of injections of corticoids in the affected area to decrease the effect of the immune system and allow the hair to grow more easily.
2. Pass creams for baldness
The creams are most commonly used for baldness are:
- Minoxidil: is a substance that can be purchased in the pharmacies without prescription doctor and that facilitates the growth of the hair. Usually the first results from the use of Minoxidil arise after 3 months of using the cream.
- Ditranol: it is a cream that must be prescribed by the dermatologist and applied before bathing to stimulate the growth of new hair.
- Ointments corticoids:they are used when the baldness is caused by problems of the immune system and should always be prescribed by a doctor.
Usually, these creams for baldness should be applied daily on the scalp or in accordance with the directions of the dermatologist.
- Do hair transplant
The hair transplant is a type of surgical treatment that can be used to treat baldness and it is typically used when the medicines and the creams do not present any kind of result.
Usually, to do the hair transplantation, the surgeon removes a small portion of the scalp of a portion of the head with lots of hair and then divides the sample up to obtain strands of individual hair, which are then placed in the locations with no hair to promote the growth of new hair.
However, the hair transplant is a process that can cost up to 30 thousand reais, because it should be done in private clinics and is not covered by the SUS or by the health plans.
4. Use wigs
Wigs are an easy way to disguise the loss of hair caused by pattern baldness , at least while the other treatments do not show the desired results. The two main options of wigs, which include:
- Wigs synthetic acrylic:are the type of wigs are best and cheaper, with prices between 50 and 100 real, however, only last about 6 to 9 months;
- Wigs with natural hair:are more indicated than the synthetic because they allow the skin to breathe properly, produce an effect more real and last for up to 4 years, however, the cost is approximately 1000 real and need more care.
Thus, to choose the best type of wig it is advisable to consult the dermatologist to assess the available options according to the characteristics of the baldness and the skin of the scalp.
What can cause baldness
To choose the treatment most suitable for pattern baldness first is recommended to consult a dermatologist to identify the cause of the hair loss, of which the most common are:
- Male pattern baldness or female:happens due to the natural aging process, can begin from the age of 20, but being more visible after 50.
- Baldness andrógena:is the most frequent cause of alopecia, occurring due to hereditary factors, and excess of the male hormone testosterone. It is more common in men and hair loss can start already in adolescence;
- Alopecia areata: it happens due to the problems that affect the immune system such as hyperthyroidism or diabetes, and causes the appearance of small circular areas without hair.
- Baldness scar:is hair loss caused by diseases that weaken the root of the hair as scleroderma or lichen planus, for example.
- Effluvium telogen:it is one of the most common causes of hair loss and it happens because of hormonal changes, excessive stress, infections, or after surgery, for example.
- Effluvium anágeno:it is caused by treatments for cancer such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy, and emerges a few weeks after the start of treatment.
Thus, depending on the cause of baldness, the doctor will indicate the most appropriate treatment to achieve the best results in each case, which may include the use of drugs, creams or hair transplant, for example.