The Sweater and Its History

The sweater, as it is known to the woven garment that can be thick or thin, open or closed, various materials and styles is a piece of clothing that has become essential in any wardrobe.


Although the weaving techniques date, according to, before of our era, these were mainly used for the realization of tights and leggings. It was not until the 17 and 18th centuries, the tissue was established as an occupation between the inhabitants of the Scottish islands who manufactured socks, sweaters, socks and accessories.

The Island Fair techniques were used to make colorful patterns and with them sweaters, which were the basic garment for fishermen, who used them to protect themselves from the harshness of the climate.

Many elaborate designs were created, such as stitch cord used in sweaters Aran, and whose technique was developed at the beginning of the 20th century in Ireland.

Knitting machines

Rudimentary knitting machines were invented before the Industrial Revolution, in this period was when wool yarn and much of the production was moved to the factories.


After the world wars, between the 1950 and 60s, tissues had a boom and more colors and styles of yarn, as well as thousands of patterns, were introduced to the market.

One of the most popular creations “made at home” was the famous twinset, according to, a combination of woven blouse short sleeve sleeve sweater with long open style cardigan, both of the same material and tissue to be used at the same time.

The girls are taught in school to weave, and was considered not only as a pastime, but a skill that could generate revenue.

In the 80s, with the rise of synthetic fibers the cost sweaters which were produced on a large scale fell significantly, by which tissues hand fell quickly into disuse and many people opted for models more “seasonal” dismissed from one year to another, as by classic and made designs with natural fibers-sweaters.

Natural fibers

In the 21st century, natural fibers, or, alternative, from animals, such as alpaca, angora and merinoas well as vegetable fibers such as cotton became easier to obtain and collect, what has caused their prices down. Fibers exotic such as silk, bamboo, yak and qivut, among others, have gained popularity.

Sweater and History

Types of sweaters

  • Sweater: It can be round neck, v-shaped or grommet. Its characteristic is that it is closed and long sleeve.
  • Turtle neck: It is closed as the sweater, but with high neck that arrives until the start of the Chin, there are both thin for use under other garments or thicknesses, with more baggy long necks.
  • The cardigan: Open sweater, the traditional is long, with buttons or zipper front and with a very pronounced “V” neck. Some have a pouch in front.
  • Twinset: It is a female model in two parts, consisting of a short-sleeved blouse or sleeveless woven and a sweater open breasted front, normally with round neck and buttons that they rise at the top of the chest
  • Vest: It is a sleeveless sweater, either closed or with double-breasted front. It can be round neck, v-shaped, buttonhole or turtle.
  • ‘oversized’: Whether closed or open, with long, short sleeved or sleeveless, it is a long sweater that is mainly used with leggings and boots. Often used with a belt to accentuate the waist.