A food plan for diabetics should be like the rest of the population: healthy, balanced and varied.
A food plan for diabetics is not very different from a diet plan healthy, balanced, and applicable to the rest of the population.
Diabetes is a disease caused by the lack or resistance to insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas. This change is the result of a failure in the absorption of glucose (sugar), leading to an accumulation of this sugar in the blood of the body, which, in turn, is dangerous for the body and is associated with several other problems.
It is a chronic condition, whose optimal treatment consists of a combination of factors such as food, medication and physical activity. There are several types of diabetes, as already noted here.
Diabetics do not need special power or restrict completely certain foods, they only need to comply more strictly to the general recommendations, and to control the power mode to maintain the levels of blood glucose regulated.
In this way, the feeding of the diabetic should be as balanced, varied and complete as the power of any individual saudáve
DIET IN DIABETES
It is not justifiable to restrict the consumption of carbohydrates on a food plan for diabetics. In fact, it is important that you include in the daily food the consumption of vegetables, fruits, grain cereals of the whole grain and leguminous plants, all rich in carbohydrates, but also rich in substances such as dietary fiber, vitamins, minerals and antioxidants.
In spite of diabetics are not absolutely prohibited from eating sugar or sugary foods, you may want to remember that these foods, in addition to contributing to a rapid rise in blood glucose (blood sugar), usually present with a high calorie density – contributing to the increase of weight – and, simultaneously, a lack of fiber, vitamins and minerals, not adding any value to a diet that should be healthy and balanced.
It is also important to mention that some types of fruit must be consumed with more moderation because they contain more carbohydrates, or because they have less fiber, which facilitates the absorption of sugar in the intestine – the main examples are the grapes, the banana and the figs.
A way to avoid the sudden increase of sugar in the blood is to consume the fruit along with fiber-rich foods, such as half a wholemeal bread, for example.
FOOD PLAN FOR DIABETICS: EXAMPLE
A food plan for diabetics it is essential to mention the importance of not spend many hours without eating and not skipping meals – when making six meals a day, never getting more than three hours without eating, and to keep the same proportions of food in each meal, the amounts of glucose will remain in the stable.
Taking these factors into consideration, note in our example of a food plan for diabetics.
- 1 Cup of skimmed milk (240 mL) + 1 bread (50 g) with a little butter
- 240 mL of skimmed milk + 2 hands grain of corn
- SNACK IN THE MORNING
- ½ Whole-grain Bread with 1 thin slice of ham turkey + 1 serving of fruit
- 2 Toasted whole grain + 1 serving of fruit
- 1 Plate of vegetable soup (without potato)
- Dish (90 g of meat/fish + 6 tablespoons of rice or pasta or 2 medium potatoes + salad/steamed vegetables)
- LUNCH AFTERNOON 1
- 1 Cup tea (without sugar) + ½ bread with thin slice of cheese thin
- LUNCH AFTERNOON 2
- 2 toasted whole grain + 1 serving of fruit
- Vegetable soup (without potato)
- Dish (90 g fish/fish + 6 tablespoons of rice or pasta or 2 medium potatoes + salad/steamed vegetables)
- 1 low-fat yoghurt flavour + 1 hand of grain of corn
It cannot be stressed enough that the needs vary from individual to individual depending on numerous factors and that a food plan, whatever your purpose, it should be done in a personalized way and taking into account the particularities of each one. Specifically, in the case of the diabetic, in cases in which there is the intake of insulin associated with the food plan should be according to the scheme of insulin.